Drug-related deaths and mortality rates in Americas

AFRICA

AMERICAS

ASIA

EUROPE

OCEANIA

Number of drug-related deaths, mortality rates per million persons aged 15-64 years and ranking of drugs as a primary cause of death

(2017 or latest year available)

Region/Sub-Region/Country

Source

Year
of
estimate

National
estimate
( Y / N )

Number
of
deaths

Reference
population
(15 - 64)*

Rate**
per million
aged 15-64

Ranking of drugs as primary cause of death

Fatal
drug
overdoses
(%)

Cannabis

Opioids

Cocaine

ATS

Tranqui-
lizers
 and
sedatives

Halluci-
nogens

Solvents
 and
inhalants

Other
substances
not under
international
control

Canada***

ARQ/Gov.

2017

Y

3,998

24,534,784

163.0

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mexico

ARQ

2016

Y

113

84,512,801

1.3

 

 

 

2

 

4

1

 

 

United States of America

ARQ

2017

Y

70,237

213,084,087

329.6

 

1

2

3

 

 

 

 

100%

Bahamas

ARQ

2014

Y

0

271,725

0.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

0%

Dominican Republic

ARQ

2008

N

135

-

 

2

 

1

3

 

 

 

 

 

Trinidad and Tobago

ARQ

2009

Y

3

940,242

3.2

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Costa Rica

ARQ

2010

Y

21

3,089,117

6.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

57%

El Salvador

CICAD

2016

N

853

-

 

2

7

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

Honduras

ARQ

2015

N

1

-

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

100%

Nicaragua

ARQ

2014

Y

11

3,879,978

2.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Panama

ARQ

2012

Y

1

2,425,439

0.4

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Argentina

ARQ

2016

N

280

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

18%

Brazil

ARQ/Gov.

2017

Y

1,120

145,874,933

7.7

3

4

2

7

6

5

5

1

55%

Ecuador

ARQ

2016

Y

139

10,550,807

13.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paraguay

ARQ

2016

N

1

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peru

ARQ

2011

Y

42

19,248,172

2.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

Uruguay

ARQ

2016

Y

264

2,211,820

119.4

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

ARQ

2010

N

197

-

 

2

4

1

5

3

 

 

 

39%

*   Reference population refers to the population aged 15-64 sourced from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, World Population Prospects 2015 Revision, or the reference population as specified in the ARQ for sub-populations.

 ** Unless an age breakdown of drug-related deaths is available, rate is calculated using the reported total number of drug-related deaths, based on the assumption that drug-related deaths occur mainly within the 15-64 age bracket.