Drug-related deaths and mortality rates in Europe

AFRICA

AMERICAS

ASIA

EUROPE

OCEANIA

 

Number of drug-related deaths, mortality rates per million persons aged 15-64 years and ranking of drugs as a primary cause of death

(2017 or latest year available)

Region/Sub-Region/Country

Source

Year
of
estimate

National
estimate
( Y / N )

Number
of
deaths

Reference
population
(15 - 64)*

Rate**
per million
aged 15-64

Ranking of drugs as primary cause of death

Fatal
drug
overdoses
(%)

Cannabis

Opioids

Cocaine

ATS

Tranqui-
lizers
 and
sedatives

Halluci-
nogens

Solvents
 and
inhalants

Other
substances
not under
international
control

Andorra

ARQ

2017

Y

0

59,981

0.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Austria

ARQ

2017

Y

230

5,827,146

39.5

 

1

3

4

2

 

 

 

72%

Belgium

ARQ/Gov.

2014

Y

60

7,299,144

8.2

 

1

3

2

4

 

 

5

 

Cyprus

ARQ

2017

Y

6

822,778

7.3

3

1

5

4

2

 

 

 

100%

Czechia

ARQ

2016

Y

32

7,029,317

4.6

 

2

 

3

1

 

4

 

100%

Denmark

ARQ

2017

Y

254

3,660,158

69.4

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

65%

Estonia

ARQ

2017

Y

110

840,526

130.9

 

1

 

2

3

 

 

 

 

Finland

EMCDDA

2016

Y

194

3,458,403

56.1

5

1

4

3

2

 

 

 

75%

France

ARQ

2016

N

257

-

 

4

1

2

5

3

7

7

6

86%

Germany

ARQ

2016

Y

1,333

53,769,551

24.8

 

1

3

2

 

 

 

 

78%

Gibraltar

ARQ

2008

Y

1

21,374

46.8

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

80%

Greece

ARQ

2016

Y

31

7,321,157

4.2

 

1

 

3

2

 

 

 

100%

Hungary

EMCDDA

2016

Y

32

6,596,500

4.9

 

1

 

2

 

 

 

3

78%

Iceland

ARQ/Gov.

2012-2016

Y

23

218,626

105.2

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

100%

Ireland

ARQ

2015

Y

224

3,056,711

73.3

 

1

 

3

2

 

 

 

100%

Italy

ARQ

2017

Y

294

37,670,523

7.8

 

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

100%

Latvia

ARQ/Gov

2016

Y

18

1,285,447

14.0

 

3

 

1

 

 

 

2

139%

Liechtenstein

ARQ

2016

Y

0

25,670

0.0

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lithuania

ARQ

2017

Y

123

1,912,637

64.3

 

1

 

3

2

 

 

 

89%

Luxembourg

ARQ

2017

Y

7

404,014

17.3

 

1

2

 

3

 

 

 

100%

Malta

ARQ

2016

Y

5

286,184

17.5

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monaco

ARQ

2013

Y

0

20,475

0.0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Netherlands

ARQ

2016

Y

345

11,048,606

31.2

 

2

3

 

1

 

 

 

100%

Norway

ARQ

2016

Y

282

3,446,066

81.8

 

1

3

2

 

 

 

 

100%

Poland

ARQ

2015

Y

255

26,596,072

9.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100%

Portugal

ARQ

2016

Y

30

6,743,472

4.4

 

1

2

3

 

 

 

 

90%

Slovakia

ARQ

2017

Y

52

3,789,450

13.7

4

2

 

3

1

 

5

 

37%

Slovenia

ARQ

2016

Y

40

1,385,262

28.9

3

2

1

 

 

 

 

 

100%

Spain

ARQ

2015

Y

1,271

30,722,010

41.4

4

1

3

5

2

6

6

 

74%

Sweden

ARQ/EMCDDA

2016

Y

590

6,174,682

95.5

 

1

 

3

2

 

 

 

55%

Switzerland

ARQ

2015

Y

132

5,592,436

23.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom

ARQ/Gov.

2016

Y

3,394

42,124,943

80.6

5

1

3

4

2

 

 

 

 

Albania

ARQ

2017

Y

8

2,034,012

3.9

 

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bosnia and Herzegovina

ARQ

2012

Y

40

2,561,478

15.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

ARQ

2016

Y

22

4,666,323

4.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Croatia

EMCDDA

2016

Y

56

2,780,391

20.1

 

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

67%

Republic of North Macedonia

ARQ

2009

Y

23

1,453,092

15.8

 

2

4

3

1

 

 

 

39%

Montenegro

ARQ

2014-2015

Y

14

424,950

32.9

 

1

2

 

3

 

 

 

 

Romania

ARQ

2017

N

42

-

 

 

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

76%

Serbia

ARQ

2016

Y

40

5,874,467

6.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

78%

Turkey

ARQ

2017

Y

920

54,010,530

17.0

 

2

4

3

 

 

5

1

100%

Albania

ARQ

2017

Y

8

2,034,012

3.9

 

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bosnia and Herzegovina

ARQ

2012

Y

40

2,561,478

15.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

ARQ

2016

Y

22

4,666,323

4.7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Croatia

EMCDDA

2016

Y

56

2,780,391

20.1

 

1

2

 

 

 

 

 

67%

Republic of North Macedonia

ARQ

2009

Y

23

1,453,092

15.8

 

2

4

3

1

 

 

 

39%

Montenegro

ARQ

2014-2015

Y

14

424,950

32.9

 

1

2

 

3

 

 

 

 

Romania

ARQ

2017

N

42

-

 

 

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

76%

Serbia

ARQ

2016

Y

40

5,874,467

6.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

78%

Turkey

ARQ

2017

Y

920

54,010,530

17.0

 

2

4

3

 

 

5

1

100%

Belarus

ARQ

2016

Y

95

6,539,456

14.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100%

Moldova (Republic of)

ARQ

2017

N

9

-

 

4

1

5

3

 

 

2

 

 

Russian Federation***

ARQ/Gov.

2017

Y

7,529

98,224,225

76.7

5

2

6

4

 

 

3

1

100%

Ukraine

ARQ

2017

Y

295

30,091,614

9.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

*   Reference population refers to the population aged 15-64 sourced from the United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, World Population Prospects 2015 Revision, or the reference population as specified in the ARQ for sub-populations.

 ** Unless an age breakdown of drug-related deaths is available, rate is calculated using the reported total number of drug-related deaths, based on the assumption that drug-related deaths occur mainly within the 15-64 age bracket.